(Scientific name: Punica granatum), also known as pomegranate , punica granatum , pomegranate genus of pomegranate family. Deciduous shrubs or small trees. Needle-like branches, leaves are obovate or elliptical, and glabrous. Flowering from May to June, mostly vermilion, but also yellow and white. The berries are nearly spherical and the fruit matures from September to October. The outer seed coat is translucent and succulent; the inner seed coat is leathery. It is native to Iran and its surrounding areas. The pomegranate variety Baihua jade seed in Huaiyuan County is famous for its soft core, high sweetness, white flowers, light green fruit, and bright seeds like jade. It is sweet, sour and warm in nature and has the effects of killing insects, astringent, astringent intestines, and stopping diarrhea. Pomegranate fruit is rich in nutrients, and its vitamin C content is one or two times higher than that of apples and pears .